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Object
  - METS (8 K)
Creator Unattributed .
Title Kozan: Sis Fortress
Alternative Title Sissu; Sision
Is Part of Architectural Images Collection
Location Kozan, Adana Province, Akdeniz kıyısı Region, Turkey,
Coverage Armenian
Time Period 1226 CE
Description Kozan (formerly Armenian: Sis) is capital town of Kozan district in Adana Province, Turkey. In the Middle Ages Sis was the religious centre of Christian Armenians, at least until Gregory the Illuminator the first Catholicos of Armenia(patriarch) transferred his see to Vagarshabad (Echmiadzin) in 302. In 704, Sis was besieged by the Arabs, but relieved by the Byzantines. The Abbasid caliph al-Mutawakkil took it and refortified it, but it soon returned to Byzantine hands. It was rebuilt in 1186 by Leo II, king of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, one of the Rupenide dynasty who made the city the capital of the Kingdom of Lesser Armenia (from 1186 till 1375). During the Crusade the catholicate returned to Sis in 1294, and remained there 150 years. Today ruins of churches, convents, castles and palaces may be seen on all sides. The lofty castle and the monastery and church built by Leo II, and containing the coronation chair of the kings of Lesser Armenia, were still noteworthy in the early 20th century.
Subject Late Byzantine
Fortifications
Fortress
Ruins
capital cities
Type Images
Digital
Format Tiff; Jpeg2000
Source Parsegian, V.L.. Armenian Architecture (Zug, Switzerland; IDC, 1980)
Identifier A-4040
Rights Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY; Armenian Educational Council
Rights Holder Edwards, R.; Hofrichter, H.
Record number 000002224
Related collections
Architectural Images > Armenian Architecture Collection

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